#154:सूती धागा मिल प्रक्रिया|| spinning Process|Spinning mills in India #wondertips

#spinning #textiles #titbhiwani #clothing #garments

We know that textiles,clothing is our one of the basic need of a person. There are 3 needs Food clothing Home So we will be knowing some tips for textiles industry.It will give new horizon to your thought process.We have textile history https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Textile_History .Textiles can be felt or spun fibers made into yarn and subsequently netted, looped, knit or woven to make […]

#154:सूती धागा मिल प्रक्रिया|| spinning Process|Spinning mills in India #wondertips
Ring spinning is one of the most common spinning methods in the world. Other systems include air-jet and open-end spinning, a technique where the staple fiber is blown by air into a rotor and attaches to the tail of formed yarn that is continually being drawn out of the chamber. Other methods of break spinning use needles and electrostatic forces.
The cultivation of cotton as well as the knowledge of its spinning and weaving in Meroë reached a high level around the 4th century BC. The export of textiles was one of the sources of wealth for Meroë.
Hand spinning was an important cottage industry in medieval Europe, where the wool spinners (most often women and children) would provide enough yarn to service the needs of the men who operated the looms or to sell on in the putting-out system.

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The key advantages of the Indian industry are:

• India is the third largest producer of cotton with the largest area under cotton cultivation in the world. It has an edge in low-cost cotton sourcing compared to other countries.
• Average wage rates in India are 50-60 percent lower than that in developed countries, thus enabling India to benefit from global outsourcing trends in labor-intensive businesses such as garments and home textiles.
• Design and fashion capabilities are key strengths that will enable Indian players to strengthen their relationships with global retailers and score over their Chinese competitors.
• Production facilities are available across the textile value chain, from spinning to garments manufacturing. The industry is investing in technology and increasing its capacities which should prove a major asset in the years to come.
• Large Indian players such as Arvind Mills, Welspun India, Alok Industries and Raymonds have established themselves as ‘quality producers’ in the global market. This recognition would further enable India to leverage its position among global retailers.
• India has gathered experience in terms of working with global brands and this should benefit Indian vendors.
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Spinning is the twisting technique where the fiber is drawn out, twisted, and wound onto a bobbin.

Explanation of spinning process[edit]

 
Traditional spinner in her family’s house in Old BaganMyanmar (2019).

The yarn issuing from the drafting rollers passes through a thread-guide, round a traveller that is free to rotate around a ring, and then onto a tube or bobbin, which is carried on to a spindle, the axis of which passes through a center of the ring. The spindle is driven (usually at an angular velocity that is either constant or changes only slowly), and the traveller is dragged around a ring by the loop of yarn passing around it.

If the drafting rollers were stationary, the angular velocity of the traveller would be the same as that of the spindle, and each revolution of the spindle would cause one turn of a twist to be inserted in the loop of yarn between the roller nip and the traveller.

In spinning, however, the yarn is continually issuing from the rollers of the drafting system and, under these circumstances, the angular velocity of the traveller is less than that of the spindle by an amount that is just sufficient to allow the yarn to be wound onto the bobbin at the same rate as that at which it issues from the drafting rollers.

Each revolution of the traveller now inserts one turn of twist into the loop of yarn between the roller nip and the traveller but, in equilibrium, the number of turns of twist in the loop of yarn remains constant as the twisted yarn is passing through the traveller at a corresponding rate.[citation needed]

Types of fibre

Artificial fibres are made by extruding a polymer through a spinneret into a medium where it hardens. Wet spinning (rayon) uses a coagulating medium. In dry spinning (acetate and triacetate), the polymer is contained in a solvent that evaporates in the heated exit chamber. In melt spinning (nylons and polyesters) the extruded polymer is cooled in gas or air and sets.[1] All these fibres will be of great length, often kilometers long.

Natural fibres derive from animals (sheep, goat, rabbitsilkworm), minerals (asbestos), or plants (cotton, flaxsisal). These vegetable fibres can come from the seed (cotton), the stem (known as bast fibres: flaxhempjute) or the leaf (sisal).[2] Many processes are needed before a clean even staple is obtained. With the exception of silk, each of these fibres is short, only centimeters in length, and each has a rough surface that enables it to bond with similar staples.[2]

Artificial fibres can be processed as long fibres or batched and cut so they can be processed like a natural fibre.

Methods

Ring spinning is one of the most common spinning methods in the world.[citation needed] Other systems include air-jet and open-end spinning, a technique where the staple fiber is blown by air into a rotor and attaches to the tail of formed yarn that is continually being drawn out of the chamber. Other methods of break spinning use needles and electrostatic forces.[3]

The processes to make short-staple yarn (typically spun from fibers from 1.9 to 5.1 centimeters (0.75 to 2.0 in)) are blending, opening, carding, pin-drafting, roving, spinning, and—if desired—plying and dyeing. In long staple spinning, the process may start with stretch-break of tow, a continuous “rope” of synthetic fiber. In open-end and air-jet spinning, the roving operation is eliminated. The spinning frame winds yarn around a bobbin.[4] Generally, after this step, the yarn is wound to a cone for knitting or weaving.

In a spinning mule, the roving is pulled off bobbins and sequentially fed through rollers operating at several different speeds, thinning the roving at a consistent rate. The yarn is twisted through the spinning of the bobbin as the carriage moves out, and is rolled onto a cop as the carriage returns. Mule spinning produces a finer thread than ring spinning.[5] Spinning by the mule machine is an intermittent process as the frame advances and returns. It is the descendant of a device invented in 1779 by Samuel Crompton, and produces a softer, less twisted thread that is favored[by whom?] for fines and for weft.

The ring was a descendant of the Arkwright water frame of 1769 and creates yarn in a continuous process. The yarn is coarser, has a greater twist, and is stronger, making it more suitable for warp. Ring spinning is slow due to the distance the thread must pass around the ring. Similar methods have improved on this including flyer and bobbin and cap spinning.

The pre-industrial techniques of hand spinning with a spindle or spinning wheel continue to be practiced as a handicraft or hobby and enable wool or unusual vegetable and animal staples to be used.

Top 10 Textile Companies in India 2021 – IndianCompanies.in

https://indiancompanies.in › top-10-best-textile-companies…
 
 
1. Arvind Ltd · 2. Vardhman Textiles Ltd · 3. Welspun India Ltd · 4. Raymond Ltd · 5. Trident Ltd · 6. K P R Mill Ltd · 7. Page Industries Ltd · 8. Nitin Spinners Ltd.
 

 

 

 
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What is the profit percentage of spinning mill in India?
How much would it cost to start a cotton mill in India?
How can one start a cotton spinning mill in India?
How do I hire expertise for cotton spinning mill in India?
How much money is needed to start a small unit spinning mill?
How much investment will be required for a cotton ginning and pressing unit in India?

https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-profit-percentage-of-spinning-mill-in-India

 
 
Top 10 Garment Manufacturers in India 2020
  • Loyal Group. Loyal Group is one of the largest textile and garment groups in India, providing an array of products and services for textile and apparel industries. …
  • Mandhana Industries LTD. …
  • Alok Industries Ltd. …
  • SEL Group. …
  • Nahar Spinning. …
  • KPR Mill. …
  • Sutlej Textiles. …
  • Bombay Rayon Fashions Ltd.

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1. GTN Textiles Ltd, Kochi.

2. GTN Industries Ltd, Hyderabad.

3. Amaravathi Textiles Pvt Ltd, Guntur.

4. Rajapalayam Mills Ltd, Rajapalayam.

5. Shanmugavel Mills, Tirupur.

6. Rajasthan Spinning & Weaving Mills

7. Maral Overseas

 
 
What is the profit percentage of spinning mill in India?
How much would it cost to start a cotton mill in India?
How can one start a cotton spinning mill in India?
How do I hire expertise for cotton spinning mill in India?
How much money is needed to start a small unit spinning mill?
How much investment will be required for a cotton ginning and pressing unit in India?
Do spinning mills give profits?
Where can I export cotton yarn?
I want to start a cotton spinning mill in Maharashtra. What should be my first step?
How do I start up a small scale spinning mill in India?
How do I find buyers for cotton yarn in China?
How much does a cotton ginning and pressing unit cost along with a working capital?
What is the difference between spinning mills and textile mills?
What is the procedure of manufacturing cotton yarn?
What amount is required to start cotton ginning?
What is the profit percentage of spinning mill in India?
How much would it cost to start a cotton mill in India?
How can one start a cotton spinning mill in India?
How do I hire expertise for cotton spinning mill in India?
How much money is needed to start a small unit spinning mill?
How much investment will be required for a cotton ginning and pressing unit in India?
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Here we can see the list of Top 10 textile companies in India. The Raking lists are based on total sales in the year 2019. Now let us see the overall textile industry and then we move on to the companies.

China continued to shed its market share, but India has been clearly missing the bus – most of the gains have been captured by Bangladesh and Vietnam – clearly the 2nd and 3rd largest exports after China, respectively. Indian textile industry continues to be dominated by cotton, accounting for nearly 3/4th of the total fibre consumption in the country.

Abstract

The Textile Sector in India ranks next to Agriculture. Textile is one of India’s oldest industries and has a formidable presence in the national economy in as much as it contributes to about 14 percent of manufacturing value-addition, accounts for around one-third of our gross export earnings, and provides gainful employment to millions of people.

The textile industry occupies a unique place in our country. One of the earliest to come into existence in India, it accounts for 14% of the total Industrial production, contributes to nearly 30% of the total exports, and is the second-largest employment generator after agriculture.

Textile Industry is providing one of the most basic needs of people and holds importance; maintaining sustained growth for improving quality of life. It has a unique position as a self-reliant industry, from the production of raw materials to the delivery of finished products, with substantial value-addition at each stage of processing; it is a major contribution to the country’s economy.

This paper deals with the structure, growth, and size of the Indian textile industry, the role of the textile industry in the economy, key advantages of the industry, textile industry export and global scenario and strength, weakness, opportunities, and threats of the Indian textile industry.

INTRODUCTION

The Indian textile industry is one of the largest in the world with a massive raw material and textiles manufacturing base. Our economy is largely dependent on textile manufacturing and trade in addition to other major industries. About 27% of the foreign exchange earnings are on account of the export of textiles and clothing alone.

The textiles and clothing sector contributes about 14% to industrial production and 3% to the gross domestic product of the country. Around 8% of the total excise revenue collection is contributed by the textile industry. So much so, the textile industry accounts for as large as 21% of the total employment generated in the economy.

Around 35 million people are directly employed in textile manufacturing activities. Indirect employment including the manpower engaged in agricultural-based raw-material production like cotton and related trade and handling could be stated to be around another 60 million.

Textile is the largest single industry in India (and amongst the biggest in the world), accounting for about 20% of the total industrial production. It provides direct employment to around 20 million people. Textile and clothing exports account for one-third of the total value of exports from the country. There are 1,227 textile mills with a spinning capacity of about 29 million spindles.

While the yarn is mostly produced in the mills, fabrics are produced in the power loom and handloom sectors as well. The Indian textile industry continues to be predominantly based on cotton, with about 65% of raw materials consumed being cotton. The yearly output of cotton cloth was about 12.8 billion m (about 42 billion ft). The manufacture of jute products (1.1 million metric tons) ranks next in importance to cotton weaving.

Textile is one of India’s oldest industries and has a formidable presence in the national economy inasmuch as it contributes to about 14 percent of manufacturing value-addition, accounts for around one-third of our gross export earnings and provides gainful employment to millions of people. They include cotton and jute growers, artisans and weavers who are engaged in the organized as well as decentralized and household sectors spread across the entire country.

INDIAN TEXTILE INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND GROWTH

India’s textile industry is one of the economy’s largest. In 2000/01, the textile and garment industries accounted for about 4 percent of GDP, 14 percent of industrial output, 18 percent of industrial employment, and 27 percent of export earnings (Hashim). India’s textile industry is also significant in a global context, ranking second to China in the production of both cotton yarn and fabric and fifth in the production of synthetic fibers and yarns.

 

 

In contrast to other major textile-producing countries, mostly small-scale, nonintegrated spinning, weaving, cloth finishing, and apparel enterprises, many of which use outdated technology, characterize India’s textile sector. Some, mostly larger, firms operate in the “organized” sector where firms must comply with numerous government labor and tax regulations. Most firms, however, operate in the small-scale “unorganized” sector where regulations are less stringent and more easily evaded.

List of Top 10 textile companies in India